2016-01-27

ICANN New gTLD Program Review: Domain Name System, DNS Abuse

Or which of ICANN's new gTLDs are the "shadiest" in the global DNS?


Above: ICANN 2015 Presentation on "DNS Abuse Handling"

From the ICANN Announcement--
ICANN is currently engaged in data collection on DNS (Domain Name System) abuse and mitigation efforts implemented as part of the New gTLD Program. Members of the community and general public are invited to join ICANN on 28 January 2016 in an open discussion on the topic. This work will help inform the efforts of the review team examining the effects of the Program on Competition, Consumer Choice, and Consumer Trust, which will assess the safeguards in the Program as part of its work.

Discussion Details & How to Attend--

ICANN will hold two discussions to enable participation in all regions:
Discussion 1Jan 28, 2016 at 02:00-03:30 UTC time converter (9-10:30pm EST Jan 27)
Discussion 2: Jan 28, 2016 at 16:00--17:30 UTC time converter (11am-12:30pm EST Jan 28)
Discussions will be conducted in English. Recordings will be posted at: https://newgtlds.icann.org/en/reviews/dns-abuse.

Register to attend the discussion and ICANN will send you an email with participation information OR unable to attend, but want to contribute? Give ICANN the OK to send you a questionnaire so you can tell ICANN about your experiences. Visit: http://survey.clicktools.com/app/survey/go.jsp?iv=25apb9wqx72s8

The goals of the discussion are to help formulate a definition of DNS abuse, brainstorm methods for measuring abuse, and gather qualitative, experiential input on whether safeguards to mitigate DNS abuse in new gTLDs have been effective. The discussion will be structured around 4 central topics, which participants are encouraged to consider prior to joining:

Topic 1: Which activities do you consider to be DNS abuse? If you could put forth a globally accepted definition of DNS abuse, what would it be? This definition should be broad enough to cover various malicious uses of the DNS.

Topic 2: What are the most effective methods to measure the prevalence of abusive activities in the DNS?

Topic 3: As part of the New gTLD Program, ICANN introduced safeguards [PDF, 128 KB] to mitigate potential DNS abuse in new gTLDs (listed below). How can we measure the effectiveness of these safeguards?
  • Vetting registry operators
  • Requirement for DNSSEC deployment
  • Requirement for Thick WHOIS records
  • Prohibition of "wild carding"
  • Removal of orphan glue records
  • Centralization of Zone file access
  • Abuse contact and documented anti-abuse policy requirements for registries and registrars
  • Availability of expedited registry security request process
  • High-security zone verification
Topic 4: What has been your experience, personally or on behalf of an organization, with these safeguards? Please tell us: Which were and/or were not effective? How so and why do you believe they were or were not effective? Are there safeguards that should have been included but were not? Any remaining time will be open for questions and related discussion.

Further Information: DNS Abuse Review | ICANN New gTLDs

ICANN's New gTLD Program has enabled hundreds of new top-level domains to enter into the Internet's root zone since the first delegation occurred in October 2013. Comprehensive reviews of the program have begun and will cover a variety of topics including competition, consumer trust and choice (CCT), security and stability, rights protection and other areas. Along with commissioning third-party analyses,ICANN is capturing stakeholder experiences regarding operation of the New gTLD Program and its effects on the domain name industry. Lessons learned as a result of these efforts will help shape future rounds of the program.

ICANN's Suggested Reading:
Source: ICANN Discussion: Reviewing New gTLD Program Safeguards Against DNS Abuse

See also on Domain Mondo:
See also:
DNS Abuse Handling (pdf)
Lost in .Space (Shady TLD Research, part 14) | Blue Coat
.ZIP URLs (or, Why You Should Block Domains on a TLD That Doesn't Have Any) | Blue Coat
Real World DNS Abuse: Finding Common Ground (Cisco)
"DNS Abuse" (Google SERP)
DNS is ubiquitous and it's easily abused to halt service or steal data | Network World
Finding and Fixing Open DNS Resolvers - Infoblox Experts Community
IID | IID Predicts Massive Botnet Takeover of IoT Devices by 2017 - Cybersecurity firm also anticipates a spate of domain failures, leading to demise of websites relying on them- IID




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