News Review 1) Cyber Sovereignty Rising, 2) ICANN Fatally Flawed

graphic "News Review" ©2016 DomainMondo.com
Domain Mondo's weekly internet domain news review (NR 2019-06-16) with analysis and opinion: Features •  1) Cyber Sovereignty Rising, China's Vision of Internet Sovereignty Spreading, 2) ICANN Fatally Flawed a.Afilias v. ICANN .WEB IRP Update, b. ICANN EPDP Phase 2,  3) a.Trademarkia v. LegalZoom, b. CJEU on Geograpnic Terms, c. Kaddish.com, 4) ICYMI, 5) Most Read.

1) Cyber Sovereignty Rising, China's Vision of Internet Sovereignty Spreading

China is offering a new version of the internet. This new vision combines sweeping content curbs with uncompromising data controls. It’s called Cyber Sovereignty and it’s already spreading to other countries around the world. Bloomberg.com video above published June 10, 2019.

Two Slides from Mary Meeker's 2019 Internet Trends Report:
Global Internet Users 3.8B (51% of world population), Growth Slowing: +6% vs. +7% Y/Y. Future growth in internet users will largely come from Asia Pacific, Africa & Middle East.

See also:
  • Google’s Chrome Browser Becomes Web ‘Gatekeeper’--Google has far-reaching control over how the web works, and who gets to create new ways of accessing it--bloomberg.com.
  • $20 Phones Could Bring a Billion People Online: about half of humanity doesn’t have internet access, and a lot of those people are in Africa. Enter a $20 device with smartphone brains and a five-day battery.
  • Taiwan's digital minister on combating disinformation without censorship--cpj.org.
  • Telegram says it faced a massive DDoS attack originating from China coinciding with protests in Hong Kong, where organizers used the app to evade surveillance.

2) ICANN News: ICANN Fatally Flawed
graphic "ICANN | Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers"
ICANN Articles of Incorporation: "... The Corporation shall operate in a manner consistent with these Articles and its Bylaws for the benefit of the Internet community as a whole, carrying out its activities in conformity with relevant principles of international law and international conventions and applicable local law and through open and transparent processes that enable competition ..."

ICANN Bylaws: "ICANN shall not apply its standards, policies, procedures, or practices inequitably or single out any particular party for disparate treatment unless justified by substantial and reasonable cause, such as the promotion of effective competition."

"ICANN was created through an express transfer of powers and authority from the United States
government. While this express transfer included the powers and authority necessary to oversee
the secure and stable operation of the Internet’s DNS, the transfer did not include the power,
authority, or expertise to act as a competition regulator by challenging or policing transactions
and conduct that could be deemed anticompetitive."--ICANN Board Member and Neustar former employee, Becky Burr, infra, at p. 10, May 31, 2019, in Afilias v. ICANN IRP (emphasis added).

Editor's note: if Becky Burr (a/k/a J. Beckwith Burr) is right, the competition provisions in ICANN's articles and bylaws (see above) are essentially meaningless, and ICANN is fatally flawed and should therefore be replaced by the global internet community forthwith, remembering the competition advice that was given to ICANN (via NTIA) by the U.S. Department of Justice Antitrust Division in 2008, but which ICANN disregarded in favor of its own ill-conceived and corrupt new gTLDs program full of anti-competitive provisions.
"Let’s face it, the Internet is a utility and so are the corporations who control it ... Technology needs to be regulated."--Alan Patricof, longtime innovator and venture capitalist, April 30, 2019
a. .WEB IRP Update: Dueling ICANN Board Members & Dueling Expert Witnesses
Afilias Domains No. 3 Limited, Claimant, v. ICANN, Respondent, Independent Review Process  (IRP), 31 May 2019 filing by ICANN:

ICANN's Response to Claimant's Amended Request for IRP, excerpt, p.25:
 Exhibits to ICANN's Response below (basis for redactions):
Burr statement excerpt (p. 12): "No policy, precedent, or authority permits ICANN, based on competition concerns, to block Verisign from acquiring the rights to operate .WEB or to second-guess the judgment of the DOJ – the ultimate competition regulator in the United States – in determining not to act following its own expert and thorough investigation."
Carlton report excerpts (pp.9-12): "Applicants have collectively spent several hundred million dollars to become the operators of these new gTLDs. From 2013 to 2017, applicants spent a total of $294.6 million in new gTLD application fees, paid another $240.6 million for winning public auctions (including the .WEB auction), and expended many millions more in privately resolved contention sets. While I understand that ICANN does not have precise information about the sums spent in private resolutions, existing information suggests that the number is substantial. For example, one publicly-traded registry operator has disclosed that it has received over $50 million from losing private auctions."(pp.9-10) .... there exists evidence suggesting that an Afilias-operated .WEB is not likely to cause Verisign to reduce its already relatively-low .COM price below the regulated level." (p.12)
See also on DomainMondo.com

b. ICANN EPDP Phase 2
Next EPDP Meeting June 20 (agenda / docs), 14:00 UTC (10am EDT), June 13th notes and action items. June 20th meeting observers' info re: audiocast / phone. Links to the EPDP meetings' recordings and transcripts (when available) are posted on the GNSO calendar.  Other EPDP Links: wiki, mail list, GNSO mail list, worksheets, definitions.

June 13th EPDP chat transcript (pdf) embed below, this gives the gist of what's going on:

From the EPDP public mail list:
"... I wanted to offer a thought that I hope will not be received as negative. A lot of the work that our group is doing cannot only be characterized as the community’s policy work, but it is in fact ICANN’s (org) compliance. Looking at the cost of becoming compliant, the easiest way to save money is to use synergies. We have asked in the past whether ICANN has written a record of processing activities, carried out DPIAs, asked for legal advice on related aspects etc. To my knowledge, we have not been provided with any such documentation. To be clear, it would be extremely helpful for our group to be able to review existing documents. Even though if our group might hold different views on certain questions, any existing work products would expedite our work. Maybe there are documents in the making, in which case we could build our workplan around potential delivery dates to be able to benefit from such work products. If there is actually no documentation already, it would be good to get clarity around that, too, and we could try to work so that duplicate efforts of the org and our group can be avoided, i.e. so that the org can benefit best from the legal advice we are seeking. Either way, when looking at where the money shall come from, I think it would be fair not to consider expenditures as the community’s policy making only, but as part of ICANN’s overall compliance activities. I hope this helps."--Thomas Rickert (ISPCP) (emphasis added).

What's ahead? EPDP meetings will be at ICANN65 in Marrakech, Morocco, June 25 and June 27.

Also note:
  • Privacy Fix: Search and Destroy Old Email Accounts--an unused email address can be a backdoor to your entire digital life--consumerreports.org.
  • Afnic enhances and simplifies the handling of identity theft complaints--since 2017, Afnic has registered 102 complaints for identity theft by individuals when registering a domain name under the .fr ccTLD.--afnic.fr.

3) Names, Domains & Trademarks
graphic "Names, Domains & Trademarks" ©2017 DomainMondo.com
a. Trademarkia's trademark infringement complaint against LegalZoom: LegalForce Inc., d/b/a Trademarkia.com, alleges LegalZoom bought the domain name LegalZoomTrademarkia.com in 2012 and from 2014 to 2018 used it to direct people to LegalZoom.com.

b. Use of figurative signs and words that evoke a geographical area which is associated with a protected designation of origin may constitute an unlawful evocation of the latter. This was the CJEU’s conclusion in its judgment of 2 May 2019 concerning a legal dispute about the protected designation of origin for Manchego cheese (C-614/17)--limegreenipnews.com.

c. Kaddish.com: not long after Nathan Englander’s latest novel "kaddish.com" was published in March, someone actually developed the domain name kaddish.com offering mourners the same services as described in Englander’s book, and the author, reportedly thrilled, said, "The concrete joy of dreaming something up and as soon as it goes into the world, seeing someone actualize it, was purely joyous to me.” Turns out that the person behind the website kaddish.com, is a 65-year-old Orthodox lawyer from New Jersey, who said he registered the domain name 22 years ago after his father passed away, but it wasn’t until he read Englander’s “terrific” book, that he decided to develop and launch the website. Read more here.

4) ICYMI Internet Domain News 
graphic "ICYMI Internet Domain News" ©2017 DomainMondo.com
Cisco Live 2019: Cyberattacks Emerge Against the Internet Itself--threat intel group Talos discovered a Domain Name System attack ("Sea Turtle") that its director calls ‘incredibly concerning.’

"Mark Zuckerberg is a sociopath, and Facebook has institutionalized sociopathy" says NYU's Scott Galloway. See also Facebook is the 'biggest fraud in history' says Aaron Greenspan who studied at Harvard University with Mark Zuckerberg, in an interview with UK MPs over spread of fake news, basing his claims on his theory that Facebook has billions of fake accounts. See also:  Facebook Settles Class Action re: Inflated Video Viewership Metrics--ad agencies'  lawsuit claimed Facebook misstated video metrics by 150-900%.

The Clock runs down for passage of any (U.S.) federal privacy legislation this year--axios.com.

What Is a DNS Leak? A DNS Leak can compromise your online privacy and security. How to Check, Test & Fix? See this comprehensive guide which explains what DNS leaks are, what causes them, and how to prevent or fix them. Also: ipleak.net.

5) Most Read this past week on DomainMondo.com: 
graphic "Domain Mondo" ©2017 DomainMondo.com

-- John Poole, Editor  Domain Mondo 

feedback & comments via twitter @DomainMondo



Tech Review | Entrepreneurs' Top Tips for Startups Raising Money (video)

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Tech Review (TR 2019-06-15)--Domain Mondo's weekly review of tech investing news: Features • 1) Entrepreneurs' Top Tips for Startups Raising Money, 2) Google and Facebook vs. Journalism & Democracy, 3) Investing: The Week & Investor Notes: Why Trump Will Win The Trade Wars, 4) ICYMI Tech News: Huawei, AT&T, Verizon, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, Salesforce, and more.

1) Entrepreneurs' Top Tips for Startups Raising Money

Top entrepreneurs offer advice on how to raise money and spend it wisely. Financial Times (ft.com) video above published Jun 7, 2019.

2) Google and Facebook vs. Journalism & Democracy 

Facebook and Google control 60% of the online ad market, and why that's bad for journalism and democracy, according to this CNN Business video published Jun 7, 2019.

3) Investing
graphic: "INVESTING"  ©2017 DomainMondo.com
The Week: NASDAQ Composite +0.7% | S&P 500 Index +0.5% | DJIA +0.4%  *The major indexes are still showing strong gains for June — the Dow is up 5.1% and the S&P 500 is up 4.9%. 
Digital Trump  ©2016 DomainMondo.com
Investor Notes: Why Trump Will Win The Trade Wars
US: U.S. Stocks Still Look Better Than Anywhere Else | bloomberg.com--"while American outperformance continues to defy history, the rest of the world remains trapped in a bear market."

Editor's noteWhy Trump Will Win The Trade Wars: US exports make up only 12% of the US economy, of which nearly third go to Canada and Mexico, with which Trump has already made  trade deals (USMCA). In addition, many of the most valuable US exports are 'must-have' items such as Qualcomm chips. In short, Trump is playing with a much stronger hand (and he knows it), than China or Germany, the world's two largest exporters, both of which are heavy net exporters to the U.S., and upon which their economies are more dependent. Trump doesn't need to bluff, 'everyone in the game' knows he is holding the better hand (unless they are delusional or in a state of denial). China may still be trying to adjust to the culture shock of Trump's 'negotiating style' but the 'cold hard truth' is China’s Likely to Lose a Tech Cold War--bloomberg.com.

Germany, the world's second largest exporter, and dominant member of the EU, is actually a more complicated situation than China, with Brexit still an "uncertainty"--see UK Parliament Rejects Move To Block No-Deal Brexit--but if I were advising Germany, I would be worried. Germany will likely have to adjust to a new level playing field with the U.S. in trade, something long overdue, and which Germany has never had to face in the post-World War II era (now going on for almost seventy-five years), during which the U.S. generated big trade deficits with Germany as one way to stabilize and strengthen Europe to counter the Soviet Union. See Germany Struggles to Figure Out How to Get Trump to Back Off--bloomberg.com.
"If President Trump has a poker style it is almost certainly loose aggressive. It is the most challenging style to play well and the most difficult to play against. It is very hard to read a loose aggressive player, to know what they might do next. Such players are constantly taking the initiative, dominating the game. They are predictable only in their unpredictability. Sometimes they go down in flames but usually it is the loose aggressive players that win the money. Loose aggressive stands against tight weak. President Carter would probably play tight weak as would [UK Prime Minister] Mrs. May, although it is hard to imagine either at a poker table."--Arthur Goodhart 

• U.S. Mobility: 38 percent of US respondents say they are mobile with the resources, ability, and inclination to make a move. In fact, 5 percent of respondents say there is a 100 percent chance of their moving. The mobile are most likely to live in cities, though the income and educational background of "the mobile" and "the rooted" are similar.

• Borrowing costs are now lower than at any time since the founding of the US Federal Reserve in 1913 (or in the UK, since the Bank of England was established in 1694).
EU: Foreign investment into Europe falls for first time in 7 years--CNBC International video  interview of  Andy Baldwin, EMEIA managing partner at EY, discusses the management consultancy's 2019 European Attractiveness report: "appetite to invest in Europe" has dropped to a seven-year low.

• Financial Stability, Or Lack Thereof, Drives The Eurozone Agenda | SeekingAlpha.com.

• IMF to warn Italy's debt poses major risk to euro zone economy. See also: Italy Poised to Launch Euro Parallel Currency | moneymaven.io.

• European banks? "They are burdened with an overbanked market, aging systems, a lack of resources to digitise and re-invent their services, and there are still no signs of any European banks emerging as cross border champions. European banking union is another EU initiative that seems to have drowned in the sea of bureaucracy that sinks everything. Governments still see their duty as protecting national banking champions. There is repeated regulatory failure; Danske Bank in terms of money laundering and the collapse of Spanish and Italian banks doesn’t help. No European banks are expanding, building market share. Instead they are all, and have been, retrenching. If I could think  of something positive to say about Europe ... But I really can’t"--Bill Blain Jun 4, 2019.
China: the International Monetary Fund expects Chinese growth to slow to 6.2% this year and to 6% in 2020, the weakest since 1990, but many analysts believe real growth has already dipped below those levels, confirming a grim outlook for the world economy. See also The Countries with the Most Monstrous Corporate Debt Pileups.

Hong Kong: after seven hours of marching, organizers estimated 1,030,000 people took part in the protest opposing the proposed China extradition law.
Not All That Glitters: the Couple Who Scammed Warren Buffett out of over $300 Million.

4) ICYMI Tech News:
graphic: "ICYMI Tech News" ©2017 DomainMondo.com
January 2019: the US Justice Department unseals Huawei indictments including 23 counts (here and here) pertaining to the alleged theft of intellectual property, obstruction of justice, and fraud related to its alleged evasion of US sanctions against Iran.
June 2019: 'Dead Man Walking' Huawei, applies to trademark its “Hongmeng” operating system (OS) in at least nine countries and Europe, deploying a back-up plan in key markets as U.S. sanctions threaten its business model. However, China's industry insiders are less optimistic that Chinese chip makers can quickly meet the challenge of supplying all the needs of Huawei and other domestic technology firms. Prospectuses of Chinese chip companies preparing to list on a new tech-focused stock exchange in China are even more blunt, characterizing China's domestic chip industry as “relatively backward,” lacking in talent, and requiring “a long time to catch up.” 
See also:
  • Huawei indefinitely postpones the announcement of a new Windows laptop, originally scheduled for June, 2019, due to ongoing US trade sanctions.
  • Google Is Moving More Hardware Production Out of China--Trump’s tariffs push tech giant to boost Taiwan manufacturing, while companies, both foreign and domestic, increasingly seek to pivot production away from China due to U.S. President Donald Trump’s efforts to reset the  parameters for global trade and manufacturing. Foxconn says it can assemble Apple iPhones outside China.

AT&T: Dish Network Corp is open to merging its satellite television business with AT&T Inc.’s pay TV service, DirecTV, since both Dish and DirecTV are hemorrhaging subscribers as viewers continue to shift to cheaper online streaming services such as Netflix Inc and Amazon.com Inc.’s Prime video service. Unfortunately, AT&T's problems don't end there as AT&T appears to have no viable plan for its WarnerMedia streaming service a year after the Time Warner merger closed.

Verizon: 7 Reasons To Turn Bearish--upcoming Wi-Fi 6 and Wi-Fi 7 technology may disrupt the wireless mobile industry by making free or low-cost city-wide Wi-Fi a reality.

Amazon is Betting Big On Satellite Internet. See alsoAmazon is offering flight booking on its platform in India, and it wants to build a one-stop app to offer customers a wide range of services which will attract users to Amazon Pay in the crowded digital wallet industry.

A $6 Billion Record Fine may be coming next year against Apple--see Spotify's complaint against Apple filed with the European Commission--timetoplayfair.com.

Why Sell Microsoft--new tax law ramifications .. cloud computing has no moat ... Windows 10 has continuing quality and performance issues [Editor's notemost people would be better off to forget about Win10 and just get a Chromebook] ... Microsoft behind in artificial intelligence (AI).

Salesforce: $CRM all-stock deal valued at $15.7B, for data visualization company Tableau (NYSE: DATA).

Instagram, a fashionista favorite, helped unknown labels find an audience but now "big bucks are changing the game" as cash rich luxury goods groups such as LVMH and Kering use increased social media budgets to drown out rivals on platforms once seen as a leveler for brands big and small.

IPO: Pet care company Chewy Inc. (NYSE: CHWY) (domain: chewy.com), closed up 59% at $34.99 after its debut IPO on the New York Stock Exchange, Friday, June 14.

A Bad Use of Technology: "Illegal robocalls are not just a drain on individual households' peace of mind, they are also a drain on our economy," FCC Chief Economist Babette Boliek and Chief Technology Officer Eric Burger wrote in a blog post, before the FCC voted unanimously to let carriers block robocalls by default.

Personal Tech: Google’s Login Chief Would Rather You Use Apple’s Sign-In Button Than Keep Using Passwords--‘I honestly do think this technology will be better for the internet.’

-- John Poole, Editor, Domain Mondo  

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Fiverr CEO Micha Kaufman on the Strong $FVRR IPO June 13 (video)

Fiverr CEO Micha Kaufman on the $FVRR IPO

Fiverr CEO Micha Kaufman on CNBC's "Squawk on the Street" after the company's debut in publicly trading on the NYSE June 13, 2019, to discuss what makes the $FVRR IPO different from the likes of Uber and Lyft.

Israel-based freelancer marketplace Fiverr International ( NYSE: FVRR ) IPO raised $100 million at a market cap of $635 million. The company grew sales by 45% in 2018 to $83 million, but with a -27% operating loss. The company's stock began public trading on June 13, 2019, on the New York Stock Exchange, closing with a 90% gain in price per share:
$FVRR June 13, 2019
Domain: fiverr.com (launched Feb. 1, 2010)

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CrowdStrike CEO George Kurtz on the $CRWD IPO 12 Jun 2019

CrowdStrike CEO George Kurtz on the company's IPO

George Kurtz, co-founder and CEO of CrowdStrike, discusses the cybersecurity company's IPO on the Nasdaq with CNBC's "Squawk Alley" team, June 12, 2019.

CrowdStrike, Inc. is a U.S.-based cybersecurity technology company, with headquarters in Sunnyvale, California, and a wholly owned subsidiary of CrowdStrike Holdings, Inc. The company provides endpoint security, threat intelligence, and incident response services to customers in more than 170 countries. Leveraging artificial intelligence (AI), the CrowdStrike Falcon® platform protects customers against cyberattacks on endpoints on or off the network by offering visibility and protection across the enterprise.
  • Domain: crowdstrike.com
  • Founded: 2011
  • Parent organization: CrowdStrike
  • CTO: Dmitri Alperovitch
  • Founders: George Kurtz, Dmitri Alperovitch, Gregg Marston
CrowdStrike Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: CRWD), announced June 11, 2019, the pricing of its initial public offering of 18,000,000 shares of its Class A common stock at a price to the public of $34.00 per share. CrowdStrike granted the underwriters a 30-day option to purchase up to 2,700,000 additional shares of Class A common stock at the initial public offering price less underwriting discounts and commissions. The shares began trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, June 12, 2019, under the symbol "CRWD."  The offering is expected to close on June 14, 2019, subject to customary closing conditions.
$CRWD June 12, 2019

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Mary Meeker’s 2019 Internet Trends Report & Highlights

Mary Meeker’s 2019 Internet Trends Report (pdf) embed below:
Internet Trends archive: https://www.bondcap.com/#archive

Global Internet Users 3.8B (51% of world population), Growth Slowing: +6% vs. +7% Y/Y

Top 30 Global Internet Market Capitalization Leaders: USA 18 of 30, China 7 of 30

Top 30 Global Market Capitalization Leaders: USA 23 of 30, technology 9 of 30

USA E-Commerce Growth +12.4% vs. +12.1% (Y/Y – Q1 vs. Q4)

USA E-Commerce as % of All Retail Sales: 15% vs. 14% Y/Y

Media Time vs. Advertising Spending: Mobile @ Equilibrium (2018), Desktop (2015)

Internet Ad Revenue Growth Decelerating: +20% vs. +29% at Leading USA Platforms (Y/Y  Q1 vs. Q4). Internet Ad Buying: Programmatic Gains vs. Direct, Negatively Impacting Pricing.

Effective + Efficient Marketing = One’s Own Product + Happy Customers + Recommendations

USA Digital Media Usage Growth Accelerating: +7% vs. +5% Y/Y;  More time spent on Mobile devices than TV.

Usage: Images Increasingly Relevant Way to Communicate, e.g., Twitter: >50% of Tweet Impressions include Images / Video / Other Media.

Interactive Gaming Players Accelerating: 2.4B +6% vs. +5% Y/Y. Interactive Gaming =
Real-Time Play + Talk / Text + Watch… Social in Nearly All Ways.

Freemium Business Evolution Started in Gaming, Evolving / Emerging in Enterprise + Consumer…All In… Just Getting Started.

Cloud Deployment Revenue +58% Y/Y

Digital Payments >50% of Day-to-Day Transactions

Data Collection + Analysis + Utilization Evolving From Humans to Humans / Computers: Data is now fundamental to how people work & the most successful companies have intelligently integrated it into everyone's daily workflow… Data is the new application--Frank Bien, CEO & President, Looker, June, 2019. Consumers + Businesses + Regulators Increasingly Drinking from Data Firehose.

"Problematic" Internet Content: Media Maxim "People Prefer Negative News."

World Wide Web  v.  Webs of Worlds Driven by Local Regulation.

Cyber Attacks Sophistication + Scope Continue to Rise, Particularly State Sponsored 

Global Relative GDP (Current $): China + USA + India Rising, ... Europe Falling

Cross-Border Trade is 29% of Global GDP.

USA Consumer Confidence Index High & Rising @ 97 vs. 88 Sixty-Five Year Average 
Economy / Employment (USA): Unemployment @ 19 Year Low… Job Openings @ All-Time High and Wages Rising.


Areas prime for innovation in USA: 1. Healthcare; 2. Government.

See also tweets at @bondcap.
feedback & comments via twitter @DomainMondo



PlanetScale & GDPR | NewSQL Database-as-a-Service Startup

PlanetScale is a NewSQL DbaaS based on the open source project @vitessio. The startup's headquarters are in Mountain View, California, with original backing from VC firm SignalFire (signalfire.com).

Domain: planetscale.com

See: Andreessen pours $22M into PlanetScale’s database-as-a-service suitable for any enterprise that wants their data both secure and consistently accessible. Its ability to re-shard databases while they’re operating, can solve businesses’ issues with GDPR, which demands some data be stored in the same locality as the user to whom it belongs.


Launch of the Report of the High-Level Panel on Digital Cooperation

Launch of the Report of the High-Level Panel on Digital Cooperation

  Report of the High-Level Panel on Digital Cooperation

LIVE Event June 10, 2019:
 Launch of the High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation’s Report
Monday, June 10, 2019, 10:45 - 11:30 am EDT, New York City, NY (US).
"The High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation was established by United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres to advance a dialogue on strengthening international cooperation in the digital age."
The High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation will launch its final report on Monday 10 June 2019. To mark the occasion, join a live conversation on digital cooperation with:
Moderated by international broadcast journalist, Femi Oke.

The LIVE webcast will begin at 10:45am EST and will be streaming on multiple channels, including:
"This global online event is an opportunity to discuss how the public sector, private sector and civil society can work together to realize the potential of digital technologies for advancing human well-being, while mitigating the risks. Communities, organizations and individuals working on issues ranging from digital inclusion, digital rights & security, governance and more are encouraged to tune in and join the online conversation during the broadcast." 
More information here. | #digitalcooperation  | email: digitalcooperation @ unops.org

Later Event: June 11: The Age of Digital Interdependence: The Launch of the Report of the UN Secretary-General’s High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation

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News Review | Corruption at ICANN Metastasizing the Internet?

graphic "News Review" ©2016 DomainMondo.com
Domain Mondo's weekly internet domain news review (NR 2019-06-09) with analysis and opinion: Features •  1) Corruption at ICANN Metastasizing the Internet? 2) ICANN EPDP Phase 2 Meetings, 3) a. IDN Homographs, b. Michael Gleissner, c. Dark Web Domains, 4) ICYMI: a. Data Privacy & Healthcare, b. U.S. v. Assange, c. Internet Freedom? and more, 5) Most Read.

1) Corruption at ICANN Metastasizing the Internet?
graphic "ICANN | Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers"
a. ".... We are witnessing corruption metastasizing at the root of the Internet at a breakneck pace. ICANN's precocity and opacity with alternative revenue sources is nothing short of remarkable. The spirit of cooperation that exists between ICANN and its largest ratepayer [Verisignis unseemly, to say the very least. The stakeholder community that was supposed to serve as the check and balance on the ICANN organization has gone AWOL — bought off by the promise of a pittance and sung to sleep by fanciful lullabies of castles in the sky."--Greg Thomas, Managing Director of The Viking Group LLC (vikinginsight.com) (emphasis added) in ICANN and Voodoo Economics in Wonderland | circleid.com.

"... ICANN itself is probably Verisign's biggest "risk factor" -- see Weinstein case ... ICANN insists it is not a "regulator" and it could [and probably will] be replaced by the "global internet community" fed up with ICANN's incompetence [corruption] and shortcomings ("ICANN multistakeholderism does not work" has already become a common refrain in some sectors). ICANN has not had any governmental mandate since the IANA transition in 2016, and Verisign's .COM Registry Agreement with ICANN may not be worth the paper it is printed on, if ICANN is replaced, or a new internet root is adopted by most of the world. That is why the U.S. government refused to sign registry agreements with ICANN for the .MIL and .GOV [g]TLDs after [during] the IANA transition in 2016 (the U.S. maintains it has governmental "sovereignty" over the .GOV and .MIL [g]TLDs due to the anomaly of its historical "stewardship" over the internet.)"--comment on SeekingAlpha.com | VeriSign For A Defensive Strategy (emphasis, link, and [notes] added).

Editor's noteexcerpt from transcript of US Senate Hearing Sept 14, 2016, Larry Strickling, NTIA Administrator, testifying:
"So ... the United States does not wish to cede any sovereignty that we may have over .mil and .gov. And that is why we have done this as an exchange of letters. The United States prior to the creation of ICANN, had the complete authority and control over .mil and .gov; that condition exists today and will continue on in the future." 
Later in the same hearing, Paul Rosenzweig testifying:
"But, I am puzzled by the argument that entering into a [registry] contract [with ICANN] about these [.MIL and .GOV gTLDs] is somehow a derogation of sovereignty. I had not heard that until Assistant Secretary Strickling said that earlier today or -- and so, I haven't had the chance to think about that."
Note also this video clip about Verisign's "hostile letter threatening witnesses" delivered just prior to that same hearing. Full video of that US Senate subcommittee hearing here.

ICANN Form 990 (pp. 53-54 of 83) 2017 Calendar Year compensation:
Who's missing? Correct answer here.

PTI FORM 990:  "PTI's vendors are paid by PTI's sole member, ICANN ... during the reportable time period of calendar year 2017, PTI had no employees. ICANN employees performing PTI activities were paid by ICANN, its sole member, and ICANN issued their form W-2. Compensation was reported under PTI as paid by a related organization (ICANN). PTI reimburses ICANN for all employee compensation related to PTI activities." [PTI Form 990 pp.29-30 of 40.]

Editor's note: ICANN spent $15 million in legal fees in connection with the IANA transition, in part to set up PTI as a separate entity apart from ICANN for the "IANA functions." To what end?

PTI FORM 990, PART III, LINE 4A (p.29 of 40):
"PTI is an affiliate of the Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN"). PTI was established in August 2016 under the laws of the State of California as a non-profit public benefit corporation and ICANN is its sole member. ICANN is responsible for the performance of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority ("IANA") functions. the IANA functions include the maintenance of the registry of technical internet protocol parameters, the administration of certain responsibilities associated with internet DNS root zone and the allocation of internet numbering resources. Through contracts and subcontracts, ICANN has delegated the performance of the IANA functions to PTI effective October 1, 2016. PTI's sole purpose is the performance of the IANA functions as delegated by ICANN under a direct contract with PTI as well as three subcontracts. through this series of agreements, ICANN is obligated to provide PTI with all funding necessary for PTI to perform the agreements. PTI has no other funding source."

c. Andean Presidential Council's Special Declaration on the use of .AMAZON (pdf):

Editor's note: the above letter should never have had to be written had ICANN acted in the global public interest and done its job properly from the beginning, but as most of us know, ICANN is incompetent, corrupt and unfit. "Sovereignty" is not just a prerogative reserved for the U.S. and China. The .BRAND (i.e., trademark) new gTLDs were an ICANN corruption of the concept of "generic top-level domains" (see RFC1591). A "brand" a/k/a "trademark" is neither a monopoly nor generic. The entire ICANN new gTLDs program was, from the beginning, and still is, ill-conceived and corrupt. It is no surprise that new gTLDs are failing. A report published by afnic.fr this week indicates the future belongs to ccTLDs and .COM [at least as long as .COM is regulated by the U.S. government]:
"... main market trends in 2018: with 142 million names, the .COM remains the market heavyweight. Its market share increased by 0.5 points in 2018, rising from 42.6% to 43.1%, as a result of a growth rate that increased sharply in 2018 (5.2% vs. 2.8% in 2017) ..." --afnic.fr
ICANN has yet to be held accountable for the billions of dollars (US) in capital destruction and malinvestment it has caused through its ill-conceived and corrupt new gTLDs program. Another sad tale (among many) came to light this week: DigitalTown “clean up efforts” to avoid bankruptcy--DomainNameWire.com.

2) ICANN GNSO EPDP Phase 2 | Next EPDP Meeting June 13
Next EPDP Meeting Thursday, June 13, at 14:00 UTC (10am EDT), agenda, etc., here; observers' audiocast / phone (if needed). June 6 meeting notes and action itemsLinks to the EPDP meetings' recordings and transcripts (when available) are posted on the GNSO calendarOther EPDP Links: wikipublic mail listGNSO mail listworksheets, purposes template (pdf, updated Jun10).

Steve Crocker presentation background document (pdf). Note alsoWorking Definitions draft June 5, 2019 (pdf)--'access' vs 'disclosure' for third parties-- the EPDP Team failed to come to a "consensual compromise" but the new [updated] revised "working definitions" are here.

EPDP subgroup meetings:
See also
  • EDPS flags data protection issues on EU institutions’ websites--edps.europa.eu.

3) Names, Domains & Trademarks
graphic "Names, Domains & Trademarks" ©2017 DomainMondo.com
a. 10 important academic findings about trademarks from the past 12 months--#8. IDN homograph domain names are a major threat to online brands.

b.  WTR infographic about the trademark activity of Michael Gleissner: 4400 trademark applications and 5300 domain names are linked to Gleissner, who was born in Germany but reportedly now lives in the Philippines.

c. The Dark Web is tiny and unreliable: analysis of 55K onion domains on the Tor network finds only 8,400 had a live site, with many having poor uptimes--recordedfuture.com.

4) ICYMI Internet Domain News 
graphic "ICYMI Internet Domain News" ©2017 DomainMondo.com
a. Data Privacy & Healthcare: a primer on complying with U.S. healthcare regulations on data privacy--9 Indispensable Steps to Becoming a HIPAA Hipster | PsychologyToday.com. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act was enacted in 1996 and is applicable to the entire healthcare industry in the U.S.  The most common HIPAA violations are impermissible disclosures of protected health information.

b. U.S. v. Assange: The U.S. Government’s Indictment of Julian Assange Poses a Clear and Present Danger to Journalism, the Freedom of the Press, and Freedom of Speech | eff.org.

c. Internet Freedom?
d. Hong Kong's Tiananmen vigil attracts record turnout--nikkei.com: "The annual candlelight vigil at Victoria Park drew over 180,000 people this year, according to the organizer, the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China. This number ties with the peak year of 2014."

e. Russia: the Russian plan for a “sovereign internet” will use deep packet inspection for censorship and a backup domain name system--FT.com.

5) Most Read this past week on DomainMondo.com: 
graphic "Domain Mondo" ©2017 DomainMondo.com
-- John Poole, Editor  Domain Mondo 

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